[ISN] HPC Report (crypto)

From: mea culpa (jerichoat_private)
Date: Tue May 12 1998 - 02:28:02 PDT

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    Forwarded From: John Young <jyaat_private>
    Posted To: cryptographyat_private
    Commerce and Defense released Monday a study of 
    high performance computers, national security and export
    controls which we have transcribed:
       http://jya.com/hpc/hpc.htm  (Contents, execsumm and Chap 1)
    The 221-page report provides a detailed survey of HPC 
    applications for national security work with recommendations 
    for export controls in the light of advances in distributed
    and parallel applications. There's are thumbnails of 200 
    projects with indexes of power -- with a glance at crypto 
    For brute power the ASCI Red ++ appears to be the 
    leader -- and off the chart of customary measurement.
    The full report is 1.6MB, and a zipped version is available:
       http://jya.com/hpc/hpc.zip  (1.0MB)
    Here's the report's press release:
    U. S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Export Administration
    May 4, 1998  
    Advances in Computer Technology Make Export Controls More Difficult
    Washington, D.C. -- Commerce Assistant Secretary Roger Majak and Dave 
    Tarbell, director of the Defense Technology Security Administration 
    at the Defense Department announced the release of a long-awaited study, 
    "High-performance Computing, National Security Applications, and Export 
    Control Policy at the Close of the 20th Century," by Dr. Seymour E. 
    Goodman, Dr. Peter Wolcott and Dr. Patrick Homer. 
    The study has been prepared as part of President Clinton's decision in 
    1993 to periodically assess U.S. computer export controls. Today's study 
    provides an important contribution to the government's understanding of 
    technology trends in the computer industry and national security uses for 
    high performance computers.
    The study finds that technology is evolving at an astounding rate in the 
    HPC industry, rapidly increasing the performance of computers at all levels. 
    Key findings include: 1) advancements in microprocessor performance which 
    have brought down the costs of HPCs and reduced their size; 2) improvements 
    in interconnect devices which have permitted a greater range of products to 
    enter the market and helped to make high-performance power more accessible 
    and affordable; 3) more open system architectures that contribute to enhanced 
    calability; and 4) the ability to network the computing power of smaller 
    systems to find solutions to large computational problems.
    All of these advancements create challenges for export controls on HPCs. In 
    particular, there is growing availability of ever more powerful computers in 
    the world marketplace. The market for HPCs is flourishing worldwide with many 
    new and used systems for sale through mail order and third party distribution 
    systems. The study points out that determining what computing levels can be 
    controlled depends on factors such as dependence on vendor support, the 
    growing diversity of computer architectures and the scalability of computer 
    An earlier study published by Dr. Goodman and his associates issued in 1995 
    predicted that computers with speeds of over 2,000 MTOPS would be widely 
    vailable in commercial markets by 1997. Those predictions have proved
    This new study will be an important reference point for the Administration's 
    continuing review of computer controls.
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    Today's ISN Sponsor: Repent Security Incorporated [www.repsec.com]

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