FC: USA PATRIOT opens CIA, NSA, intelligence databases to police

From: Declan McCullagh (declanat_private)
Date: Tue Nov 13 2001 - 08:26:32 PST

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    One relevant excerpt:
    >         The Executive Office of United States Attorneys is undertaking a 
    > review of all law enforcement and intelligence databases in order to 
    > identify those that should be made available to each of the districts.
    Directives from Attorney General Ashcroft's speech before EOUSA's 
    Anti-Terrorism Coordinators Conference
    November 13, 2001
    SUBJECT:        Cooperation with State and Local Officials in the Fight 
    Against Terrorism
             The September 11 attacks demonstrate that the war on 
    terrorism  must be fought and won at home as well as abroad.  To meet this 
    new threat and to prevent future attacks, law enforcement officials at all 
    levels of government -- federal, state, and local -- must work together, 
    sharing information and resources needed both to arrest and prosecute the 
    individuals responsible and to detect and destroy terrorist cells before 
    they can strike again.
              On October 26, 2001, the President signed into law the USA 
    PATRIOT Act of 2001.  A key feature of this anti-terrorism legislation is 
    its provisions requiring increased sharing of information among law 
    enforcement and national security personnel at all levels of 
    government.  These measures, proposed by the President, are critical to the 
    common effort to prevent and disrupt terrorist acts.  To win the war on 
    terrorism, federal prosecutors and law enforcement personnel must develop 
    and implement effective procedures for information-sharing and cooperation 
    with their state and local counterparts.  I therefore direct you to take 
    prompt action in three major areas:
             1.  Designation of Chief Information Officer.  To centralize the 
    process by which information relevant to the investigation and prosecution 
    of terrorists can be shared with state and local officials,  I hereby 
    direct you to designate a Chief Information Officer (CIO) to participate on 
    the Anti-Terrorism Task Force (ATTF) in your district.  The CIO shall 
    coordinate with the relevant Law Enforcement Coordination Committee (LECC) 
    to ensure that the LECC acts as a formal conduit of information with state 
    and local officials, including elected officials and local law enforcement 
    representatives.  The CIO need not be a new employee and may be your LECC 
    coordinator if he or she already has strong ties to state and local 
    officials in your district.  Where information is provided by state and 
    local officials to federal officials, the CIO should make every effort to 
    apprise the state and local individual or agency of any follow-up action 
    prompted by the information provided.  I further direct the CIO to assist 
    in making state and local officials aware of the various counter-terrorism 
    training resources available through the Department of Justice.
             2.  Information Sharing Structures.  To streamline the procedures 
    for information sharing between federal, state, and local officials in a 
    manner tailored to the needs of each district, I hereby direct the CIO in 
    your district to solicit from state and local officials suggestions on the 
    best way to disseminate information in your district.  After considering 
    those suggestions, the CIO, through the LECC, will establish, by December 
    1, 2001, communications protocols for sharing information with state and 
    local officials on the ATTF, as well as with chiefs of police and elected 
    officials who may not be members of the ATTF in their district.  At a 
    minimum the protocol in each district must include a system to communicate 
    information 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.  I also urge you to consider 
    including in your protocols daily or weekly conference calls with members 
    of the LECC, the ATTF, and with chiefs of police and elected officials who 
    may not be members of these committees.
             The protocols established pursuant to this directive will not only 
    provide a mechanism for federal officials to share information with their 
    state and local counterparts, but also must include procedures by which 
    state and local officials can forward information to federal officials.
             In fulfilling this directive, I further direct you to use, where 
    practicable,  technologies already  available and currently in use by the 
    Department to facilitate information-sharing, such as the Regional 
    Information Sharing System (RISS).  The RISS system comprises six regional 
    intelligence centers operating in various geographic regions, including all 
    50 states and the District of Columbia.  The RISS system has created 
    riss.net, the only secure internet-based national network for sharing of 
    criminal intelligence among federal, state, and local law enforcement 
    agencies.  RISS also operates secure WATS/patch and telephone 
    communications for one-on-one contact with RISS.  RISS databases can 
    provide criminal intelligence information and referral contacts for 
    information exchange with other member agencies.
             The Executive Office of United States Attorneys is undertaking a 
    review of all law enforcement and intelligence databases in order to 
    identify those that should be made available to each of the districts.
             Information must be appropriately analyzed before it can be used 
    to its full potential.  The proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2003 already 
    requests funding for 93 analysts .   I hereby direct you to ensure that 
    these analysts have access to the most recent and reliable information 
    available through coordination with the designated CIO and your LECC.  All 
    analysts must use the communications structures established pursuant to 
    this Directive to facilitate their efforts in investigating and preventing 
    terrorist acts.  The analysts will act as a conduit of information from 
    federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to local law 
    enforcement.  For example, the information gathered through the interviews 
    regarding international terrorism would be processed and then disseminated 
    by the analyst.
             By working closely with state and local officials to strengthen 
    and streamline our procedures for information sharing and analysis, we will 
    make great strides towards preventing future terrorist acts and punishing 
    those responsible for the September 11 attacks.  I thank you for your 
    efforts in this ongoing fight to protect freedom through law and to deliver 
    to the American people freedom from fear.
    November 13, 2001
    SUBJECT:        Training in Counter-Terrorism: Federal, State, and Local 
             The Department is currently engaged in a multi-front effort both 
    to prevent future terrorist attacks and to investigate the horrific acts of 
    terror that occurred on September 11.   As we implement new tools for 
    fighting terrorism in the recently enacted USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 and 
    continue our investigation, we must ensure that federal, state, and local 
    law enforcement are properly trained to mobilize all available resources 
    and deploy all appropriate weapons to win this war.
              The need for training encompasses all issues involved in 
    combating terrorism -  from gathering information to formulating the "first 
    response"; from identifying valuable intelligence information to sharing 
    it; from countering traditional explosives threats to responding to threats 
    of biological, chemical, and other weapons of mass destruction.  Although 
    our overriding goal is to prevent any further terrorist activity, we also 
    must be ready at all levels to respond to any attacks in the safest and 
    most efficient fashion.  Training must be made available to all who are on 
    the front lines of this war, including police officers, firefighters, and 
    other "first responders," as well as prosecutors and elected officials.
             I have previously directed that guidance on the implementation of 
    the USA PATRIOT Act, including the sharing of information with the 
    intelligence community, be incorporated into the training of all 
    Anti-Terrorism Coordinators within the U.S. Attorneys' Offices.  The first 
    national training session of Anti-Terrorism Coordinators will occur 
    November 13-15, 2001.  This training will supplement the training already 
    being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) with its Joint 
    Terrorism Task Forces.  The materials from the training session occurring 
    on November 13-15 and existing FBI counter-terrorism training should be 
    made more readily available to these task forces.  Where appropriate, U.S. 
    Attorneys' facilities should be made available to their FBI counterparts to 
    ensure that such training is more accessible to local law enforcement.
             I hereby direct that, by January 15, 2001, training similar to 
    that of the Anti-Terrorism Coordinators be made available to local law 
    enforcement participants in the Anti-Terrorism Task Forces either at the 
    National Advocacy Training Center in Columbia, South Carolina, or through 
    remote training at the 94 United States Attorneys' offices.  Each district 
    should determine whether chiefs of police or other local law enforcement 
    officers should also receive such training.
             As the President has made clear, the war on terror must be waged 
    on all fronts, by all hands, and using every available weapon.  The federal 
    government will not fight this reign of terror alone.  Every American must 
    help us defend our nation against this common enemy.  Every state, every 
    county, and every municipality must join together to form a common defense 
    against terrorism.  I thank you for making more effective our national 
    alliance against terror.
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