[ISN] Flawed Routers Flood UW Server - Low-cost Internet routers are the source of problem

From: InfoSec News (isnat_private)
Date: Thu Aug 28 2003 - 00:25:28 PDT

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    Forwarded from: William Knowles <wkat_private>
    By Mike Klein
    Editorial Director
    Wisconsin Technology Network
    August 25, 2003
    Madison, WI- Over 2,200 computers on the University of 
    Wisconsin-Madison campus were infected with the latest e-mail virus 
    last week. At the same time, it was revealed that beginning in May 
    2003, UW-Madison discovered that it was the recipient of a continuous 
    large scale flood of inbound Internet traffic destined for one of the 
    campus' public Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers. NTP servers are 
    used to synchronize computer clocks on the Internet. The flood traffic 
    rate was hundreds-of-thousands of packets-per-second, and hundreds of 
    megabits-per-second. The problems are far from being resolved. 
    The university has determined the sources of this flooding are 
    literally hundreds of thousands of real Internet hosts throughout the 
    world. What was thought to be a malicious distributed 
    denial-of-service (DDoS) attack, turned out to be a serious flaw in 
    the design of hundreds of thousands of NetGear platinum products, 
    including the RP614 and MR814. These are low-cost Internet routers 
    targeted for residential use. At first the NetGear product support 
    team was very unresponsive, according to the report. The unexpected 
    flaw found in NetGear routers will cause significant IT problems for 
    UW-Madison for years to come.
    This details were revealed by David Plonka, a systems programmer with 
    the University of Wisconsin, on August 21 at a meeting of the Madison 
    Area Systems Administrators Guild (Mad- SAGE) as well as on a posting 
    on the UW's Computer Science web site at 
    http://www.cs.wisc.edu/%7Eplonka/netgear-sntp The document includes 
    the public disclosure of these products' serious design flaws and how 
    the UW, NetGear and Internet standards groups are attempting to 
    address and solve this issue. A number of actions items have been 
    called for:
    1. Fixing the SNTP client 
    2. Proposals for new network operational options 
    3. A campaign to notify the Internet community 
    4. Clarification of Internet best practices and protocol standards 
    The problem, according to the document, is that there's a flawed 
    NetGear SNTP client implementation. The author, Dave Plonka, claims 
    that 500,000 unique NetGear sources queried the Wisconsin time server 
    in just one day, while NetGear has reported that 707,147 of its 
    products might be affected by the problem.
    Response to Plonka's Internet posting has been strong. "The Community 
    of users are applauding the efforts of the perpetrator and the victim 
    that worked together on the solution," added Plonka. The big question 
    is how do you notify the customer base? Plonka suggested that a 
    product recall would not be practical. "Both NetGear and other members 
    of the review team felt that it was unlikely that all but a very small 
    subset of the owners would return the affected device since they 
    appear to be working fine. Also, very few customers have registered 
    these products with the manufacturer, so it is impractical to contact 
    them," Plonka said.
    Annie Stunden, CIO for the University of Wisconsin Information Systems 
    Group said, "As soon as the issue was identified, NetGear worked with 
    us to develop remedies for the problem. NetGear made changes to their 
    newly manufactured routers as soon as they became aware of the issue. 
    NetGear is supplying both technical support and money to help find a 
    remedy for the routers that are already installed. The problem not 
    only affects the University of Wisconsin, but the entire Internet 
    community as it relates to standards for Internet Time Servers. Dave 
    Plonka has done some great research and come up with some great 
    solutions," Stunden said
    Doug Hagan, a spokesman for NetGear said,"We are fully cooperating 
    with the university to find solutions for the problem including 
    improving our products and how they interface with public access 
    servers. We want to take a leadership role and do what is right for 
    our customers and the Internet community as a whole," Hagan said.
    According to Plonka, the exposure of this issue at the UW serves a 
    larger purpose. "This is a serious issue for the Internet in general 
    and more specifically to vendors and the international internet 
    community," he said.
    Plonka also points a finger at the IT press which he says have 
    provided awards and favorable reviews for these products and yet there 
    is no testing for these types of issues and the problem has not been 
    revealed to their readers.
    The impact of this product flaw is compounded by the fact that 
    hundreds of thousands of home and small business users own these 
    routers and are unaware of the flaw and the problem it is causing the 
    University of Wisconsin- Madison. "To most users there is no problem, 
    but in Europe where broadband users pay for data usage and not a flat 
    monthly fee, the problem is costing users considerable dollars," said 
    Plonka. "We have not been able to fully calculate the financial 
    impact of this flaw yet."
    As of August 2003, the University is making its best efforts to 
    service NetGear time requests. Users of affected products should not 
    normally notice any problems due to this flaw. 
    A NetGear support page for their RP614 router, points out that some 
    products use public NTP sources that can cause "spikes," and gives a 
    firmware fix for a series of products.
    "Communications without intelligence is noise;  Intelligence
    without communications is irrelevant." Gen Alfred. M. Gray, USMC
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